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2017年自主招生英语模拟考试题

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时间:2016-09-07

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  31.they are fed up_______the old routine.

  a. with b. of c. at d. on

  32.he is such a(n) _______teacher that has devoted all his and energy to his students.

  a. conscientious b. conscious c. academic d. scientific

  33.we are looking for someone with a real sense of_______ to the job.

  a. committee b. commitment c. community d. commission

  34.there are fewer working hours in the executive jobs, _______the job stress is comparatively higher.

  a. that b. where c. which d. what

  35.since you are_______ to the seafood, you’d better avoid eating it.

  a. sensible b. sentimental c. sensitive d. sensory

  36.during the celebration, fireworks have been_______ at the bay.

  a. set out b. set about c. set up d. set off

  37.they declared the war, for they believed that country had_______ the weapons of mass destruction.

  a. liberated b. countered c. approved d. proliferated

  38.the journalist reported the_______ of children labors who had worked many days on end.

  a. expansion b. expedition c. exploitation d. exploration

  what is the thing called happiness? for centuries, people were too busy pursuing it 39 much time analyzing it. now a pioneering band of researchers has finally bagged the elusive quarry or at least taken its measure. using such sophisticated new tools 40 the five-item life satisfaction scale and the seven-point delighted-terrible scale (on a scale of one to seven, how do you feel about your life?),social psychologists have plumbed the heart of happiness. and their answer to the age-old 41 is that it all depends.

  happiness, that is, 42 what makes. you feel happy, which is why psyc1hologists often call it“subjective well-being.” but from studies of various age and population groups in the united states and abroad, they have reached some

  44 at the top of the charts is not, as many might expect, success, youth, good looks or any of those 45 assets. the clear winner is relationship, close ones, followed by happy marriage. supportive, intimate connections with other people seem 46 important. using simple survey questions, psychologist david myers found that the 47 happy people are those in unhappy marriages. happiest are those who married

  48 their “best friend.”

  39.a.to spend b.spending c.has spent d.have spent

  40.alike b.alike c.as d.for instance

  41.a.psychology b.mystery c.solution d.trick

  42.a.results in b.leans against c.dependes on d.arrives at

  43.a.realistic b.idealistic c.objective d.individualistic

  44.a.endlessly b.contradictorily c.harmoniously d.consistrntly

  45.aenviable b.reliabele c.inevitable d.endurable

  46.a.vastly b.tremendously c.swiftly d.basically

  47.a.most b.best c.least d.worst

  48.a.to b.with c.for d.off

  sarah alexander celebrated the start of her last year at wells college the way many other seniors before her have. she ran across the picturesque to the shores of cayuga lake, where she jumped into the water.

  so did many of her fellow seniors. but dozens of students decided to stay away, especially the relatively few newly arrived male students.

  wells college, which since 1868 had educated only women, began accepting men this year in hopes of bolstering its dwindling enrollment. for many students and alumnae, it was a crushing decision. after the college announced last october that it would go coeducational, about half of the students protested and two filed a lawsuit, which they later dropped.

  the students—33 men and 383 women – campus late month both sexes are now trying to navigate new social landscape. mr. phillips said“you can’t do guy stuff. every time you want to sit and watch sports or a game, it turns into a movie.” the women were “some what nasty.” i could see the dirty looks in their eyes,” he said.“but i was not going to let that stop me from coming.”

  wells was a place where women did not have to fuss over their appearance or fight to be taken seriously by their professors. they could enjoy the camaraderie of their campus sisters and their playful traditions. besides jumping into the lake, the women dance around the maypole each may and kiss the feet of the statue of minerva, the roman goddess of wisdom, before exams.

  ms. alexander said,“people told us we wouldn’t notice a difference, but from the moment men arrived on campus not could notice a difference. waking up early to put on makeup, and that’s odd,” she said.

  henry wells, a founder of wells fargo and a friend of cornell’s benefactor, ezra cornell established this college, when women were not considered capable of higher learning. “give her the opportunity,” he wrote.

  henry wells, a founder of wells fargo and a friend of cornell’s benefactor, ezra cornell established this college, when were not considered capable of higher learning. “give her the opportunity,” he wrote.

  the great-great-great-great granddaughter of henry wells, stephanie redmond, 18,of washington state, said that earlier this year a wells student had tracked her down and asked her to support the protest. but ms. redmond said the move the move to admit men had encouraged her to enroll at wells this year as a freshman. she plans on a career in engineering, a male-dominated field, and said attending an all-women’s college might have put her at a disadvantage.

  49.the primary reason for the wells college to accept men is that .

  a. its enrollment rate is decline

  b. the campus is lack of vigor and vitality

  c. it will face the destiny of being closed down

  d. all-women’s college might put a woman at a disadvantage

  50.a typical behavior for seniors to do that .

  a. they jog along the picturesque campus

  b. they switch sports programs to a movie

  c. they celebrate their year by jumping into a lake

  d. they swim in cayuga lake accompanied by friends

  51.the change after turning into a coed college is that .

  a. dirty looks in women’s eyes have disappeared

  b. women get up early to make up

  c. women are waking up early to study

  d. women dance with men around the maypole

  52.the attitude of the author is that .

  a. she hares a tradition of all-women schools

  b. she calls on women in support the protest

  c. she dislikes the change and hopes to file a lawsuit

  d. she objectively describes the new and uneasy coeducation

  53.which of the following statements is not true?

  a. the enrollment of male students caused controversy,

  b. the grandchildren of the college founder benefited most.

  c. the current president of the college was also its graduate.

  d. the founder hoped to give women opportunities of higher education.

  but what is teacher quality? how can one measure it reliably?

  an analysis is issued a sample of data a texas school district. experts argue convincingly that teacher effectiveness should be measured by students’ gains on standardized tests: mr. smith is presumably a better teacher than ms. brown if his students consistently improve their test scores more than hers do.

  though this approach is appealing, there are tricky issues. for example, what if ms. brown teaches in a school where students score so high there is little room for improvement?

  the authors try to correct for this problem, as well as other sorts of measurement issues, to generate a measurement of teacher effectiveness. the paper is primarily concerned with how this measure is related to other observable teacher characteristics.

  the first finding is that is a large variation in teacher effectiveness: some teachers consistently have a larger impact on their students’ achievement than others.

  second, easily observable characteristics like having a master’s degree or a passing score on the teacher certification exam are not correlated with teacher effectiveness.

  then what does matter? the most important single influence is experience: first-year teachers are much less effective than others. the second year is significantly better, and by the fourth year, most teachers hit their stride.

  it is not entirely clear whether this experience effect is learning by doing (the more you teach, the more effective you become) or survival of the fittest (those who are not good at teaching tend to drop out early).

  from my reading of the paper, both effects appear important and there is no simple answer. the data do suggest, however, that teacher effectiveness is pretty clear by the end of the second year, so the information to make an informed decision is available at that time.

  the authors also investigate the contentious issue of racial matching of students and teachers. here they find strong evidence that minority teachers tend to be more effective with minority students. again, it is unclear whether this is because of a role model effect (students respond better of their own race )or an empathy effect (teachers empathize better with students of their own race )or something else entirely.

  the authors also look at teacher mobility. there is some evidence that teachers who quit teaching or switch schools tend to be below average in effectiveness. this is consistent with the survival-of-the-fittest model.

  54.the schoolmaster could decide wisely whether to further employ the teacher by the end of the.

  a. the first year b. the second year c. the third year d. the fourth year

  55.the phrase“hit their stride” most probably means“ ”.

  a. reach their normal level b. become confident

  c. walk with long steps d. get bored

  56.the author of this passage the view that .

  a. teachers will perform better with time passing

  b. ineffective teachers should leave earlier rather than later

  c. teacher’s effectiveness is apparent after a couple of years

  d. a master’s degree will improve teacher’s effectiveness

  57.why do black teachers tend to be more effective with black students?

  a. students feel secure, so they respond better.

  b. teachers sympathize with students of their own race.

  c. there are entirely some other identified reasons.

  d. the reasons are far from clear and definite.

  58.which of the following may serve as the best title?

  a. tenure, turnover and the quality of teaching

  b. impact of teacher quality on student learning

  c. different sorts of measurement issues

  d. survival-of-the-fittest model vs. learning-by-doing model

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